The half turn blood knot is one of the most widely used fishing knots for attaching swivels to line and hooks to line. It is also used in specialist fishing circles for joining split rings to lines as well.
Here we show how you can tie this handy knot in just a few simple steps.
Don't forget, though, to dampen the knot with saliva first before pulling it tight.
Like all knots, take a close look at the finished product to make sure it's nice and neat once the knot is closed down and pulled tight. A neat knot will be a strong knot.
Finally, when it comes to trimming the tag end of the knot, cut it as close as possible to the knot itself to ensure the finished product is neat and tidy.
Here's how it's done...
This handy little knot is definitely one to know how to tie because there are times when a float rig will be the best option for catching a few sea fish, and you will need to use some form of a knot to prevent sliding floats from riding all the way up your mainline.
Although this can be tied using another length of line, using powergum is better. Powergum is a thick rubber-like like having a little stretch, so when it's pulled tight it really bites onto your mainline ensuring that the knot doesn't slip and slide along the line.
This knot can be tied onto your mainline, at any point above the float, and when the float rig is cast out, the float will ride up the mainline until it hits the stop knot, locking the rig at the required depth.
Another great aspect of this knot is that the knot can be wound through the rod rings, enabling rigs that are set to extreme depth to be cast easily and effectively.
Here's how to tie it...
The blood loop, used here to create a stand-off boom to take a hook snood, uses no additional components like swivels, beads, crimps or stop knots. As Paul Kerry explains it is cheap, does the job and you won’t mind losing it in a snag
The blood loop is probably the most basic fixed-point method of attaching your hook snood to a paternoster style trace body.
It is simple, reasonably effective and cheap making it ideal if you fish rough ground where tackle losses are likely to be quite high.
More importantly it is one of the essential basic knots for sea angling and in this case I’m using it to create a simple stand-off boom.
From this knot there are several variations that are useful for snood connections on different trace set-ups and I will be looking at these in the months ahead.
Shockleaders are a necessary requirement for all sea anglers as they allow you to cast heavy rigs long distances, but the problem in usign them lies with knowing just how to tie a shockleader on to the reel's mainline.
With a little bit of practice, tying a typical shockleader knot is actually quite easy, and it's detailed right here, below.
Leaders are essential to avoid breaking the mainline during casting. You need at least 50lb line with a 150g sinker to be safe and 60lb with a 170g sinker.
To cast a reasonable distance and fish effectively, a 15-20lb mainline is enough on sand/shingle beaches and therefore you need to join the two. Keep the knot in the thick leader line as small as possible, so a simple overhand knot is a good choice...
1. Tie a simple overhand knot on the 50lb or 60lb leader line
2. Put the end of the mainline through the overhand knot before it is pulled tight
3. Wet the overhand knotwith saliva and pull it really tight
4. Pull about 20cm of mainline through the overhand knot, then make a loop near the overhand knot and hold with your thumb and forefinger
5. Take the loose end of mainline about six times around the leader
6. Take the loose end of the mainline back towards the loop and put it through the loop
7. Put the mainline around the leader line twice for additional security
8. Gently pull on the mainline behind the overhand knot on the leader line and the loose end of the mainline. This takes out any slack and beds the coils neatly into position
9. Wet the whole knot and pull the mainline behind the overhand knot to tighten up the coils
10. Pull the loose end of the mainline to make sure the coils are tight and give the overhand knot on the leader an extra pull to make it really tight.
11. The finished knot should look neat with the mainline coils close together to minimise any chance of slippage
The spider knot is ideal for rough ground fishing where the shockleader doubles as a rubbing piece, being easier to master than the Bimini hitch. Do not use this for distance casting over clean ground.
1. Take the mainline and double over a length to make a loop of about 2ft
2. Now make a small loop with at least 15in or so of double line above it
3. Hold the loop between thumb and forefinger and wind the double line around the loop and your thumb. Hold the loop as shown so you can space the loops along it
4. Make four loops in all, nicely spaced and ending at the top of your thumb
5. Pass the end of the double line through the small loop
6. Slowly pull through the loop, allowing the coils to roll off your thumb only one at a time
7. Use plenty of saliva for lubrication to stop heat generating and damaging the line
when snugging up the knot
8. The hitch part of the knot. Note it is not pulled up completely tight
9. You should now have a large loop of mainline. The tag end can be cut off, although not too close at this stage
10. Pass the end of your leader through the loop so about 6in protrudes
11. Hold the end of the loop and leader together betweenyour thumb and forefinger. Then startwinding the leader tag around the loop
12. Make three turns of the leader around the mainline loop down towards the hitch
13. Make one and a half twists back towards your thumb and forefinger
14. Now pass the tag end between the two sides of the loop in the mainline nearest your thumb
15. Pull it up nice and tight, not forgetting to add some saliva. After trimming off the tag end it should look like this picture The finished knot. Don’t worry about the long loop because, with practise, you will be able to reduce the length.
If you wish to hook and land seriously big fish, the Palomar knot is one knot that you ought to learn how to tie. It provides excellent grip upon both swivels and hooks, it retains masses of strength and it’s a very reliable knot to use too.
It is a very simple knot to learn – anyone can tie this knot – and once mastered you will be sure that your link between line and fish is a strong one.
The reason why it is so strong is because two lengths of line pass through the hook or swivel so the load is spread out equally upon the line, as opposed to having just the one length of line wrapped through the eye of the hook or swivel.
What’s more, the more you pull this knot, the more secure it becomes.
Here’s how to tie it…
Fold your line over and thread it through the eye of the swivel or hook.
Now loop the doubled-up line over and pass the tag end through the loop you have just formed.
Pass the end of the doubled-up line over the swivel of the hook.
Work the knot closed with your fingers and dampen it with saliva. Now gently pull the swivel or hook and the line away from each other to tighten.
The finished knot should be compact and neat. Trim off the tag end and away you go!
This knot is widely used by match, pleasure and specialist anglers wordwide, for linking hooks and swivels to either mainline, hooklength or even braid.
It is a very strong and relaible knot that should be dampened thoroughly before it is pulled tight.
As this knot features a small amount of whipping above the swivel or hook eye it does not 'strangle' the item being tied, therefore it retains a huge amount of strength.
Pass your chosen hooklength through the eye of your hook or swivel twice. Pull 4ins of the hooklength through. Now form a loop with the tag end of the hooklength.
Thread the tag end over the hooklength and through the loop four times, making sure it exits through the loop.
Moisten the knot thoroughly with saliva and gradually pull it to lock the knot against your hook eye or swivel eye. Trim any waste from the hooklength tag end as close as you can to the knot.
The water knot has many uses for the angler. It can be used to link hooklength to mainline, it can be used to join a paternoster link to a mainline, and it can even be used to join mono to braid.
Many anglers use this knot to link their pole mainline to the hooklength, especially when fishing delicate rigs, because it is far more direct than the more commonly used loop to loop technique.
Lay the two lines you wish to tie alongside each other.
Form a substantial loop using the two lines
Ensure the two lengths of line are together and thread the pair of tags ends through the loop three times.
Moisten the knot with saliva or water and slowly pull it tight. Trim off the tag ends accordingly to either create a straight profile when joining a mainline to hooklength, or cut the tag ends to create a paternoster link for legering purposes.